Cerebrovascular accident, commonly referred to as ‘stroke,’ occurs due to discontinued blood supply in a specific portion of the brain.
As a result, the part of human anatomy controlled by that specific region of the brain stops working.
It can be of two types:
- Ischemic stroke – caused due to ceased blood flow.
- Hemorrhagic stroke – caused due to internal bleeding.
Who is at Risk?
People who have diabetes, high cholesterol, and high blood pressure are generally at risk. Other heart conditions, such as atrial fibrillation, can also cause a stroke.
Apart from that, people who smoke quite often are vulnerable.
Recognizing the Signs
It would help if you memorized FAST, which would come in handy when you believe someone is having a stroke:
- Face drooping
- Arm weakness
- Speech difficulty
- Time to dial 9-1-1
The patient usually has a 3-4 hours window within which the blood supply can be restored using clot-busting drugs. Hence, emergency care is critical during this phase.
Preventive Care Management
Many patients receive warning signs early on in the form of a mini-stroke, which resolves within 24 hours. Besides, the individual’s medical history can give an indication or possibility of stroke in the future.
This is where preventive care management comes into play.
Stroke and diabetes are correlated. According to the American Diabetes Association, diabetic patients are “1.5 times more likely to have a stroke than people without diabetes”.
It is because diabetes causes circulatory problems, which increases the risk of stroke. Therefore, diabetes management is vital when it comes to the prevention of stroke.
Hypertension (or high blood pressure) is the leading cause of stroke. If left untreated, it can inflate your chances of having a stroke even if it is a less severe form of hypertension.
Abnormal blood pressure can cause arteries to rupture without showing any apparent symptoms. This is why hypertension has been rightly termed as the “silent killer.”
Timely hypertension management, such as regular blood pressure checkups, medication, low-sodium diet, and stress management, can decrease stroke probability.
Obesity is the new pandemic. It is frequently associated with hypertension, vasodilation, atherosclerosis, and Type-2 diabetes.
It’s safe to say that obesity is the root cause of major health-related issues besides genetic factors. Maintaining healthy body weight is thus crucial for preventing stroke.
However, you must consult your physician if a chronic disease runs in your family or if you are suffering from medical problems before starting an exercise program.
Annual Wellness Visits
We cannot stress enough the importance of annual wellness visits to your physician, mostly if you belong to the population’s vulnerable section, as described earlier.
You must get your blood cholesterol, blood pressure, and blood sugar level checked regularly and seek timely treatment if elevated levels.
Post-stroke Care Management
Various surgical techniques such as carotid endarterectomy, stereotactic microsurgery, stereotactic radiosurgery, and revascularization prevent stroke, depending on the location or size of aneurysms.
However, treatment doesn’t end with the surgical procedure. Patients don’t feel whole again without appropriate therapy and rehabilitation.
Hence, post-stroke care management consists of goal-setting, cognitive stimulation, patient-centered care planning, rehabilitation, and therapy, as discussed below:
Patient-Centered Care Planning
Transitional Care Services recognizes that every individual is unique and has a different set of care requirements.
Our care planning prioritizes person-centeredness. Patients learn the ability to make informed decisions for themselves through education and dissemination of information.
Patient-centered care planning uplifts the person’s spirits, which is a crucial part of post-stroke rehabilitation and recovery.
Post-stroke management aims to enhance life quality, boost motivation, and optimize patients’ functional independence.
Our effective interventions and treatment plans can help patients gather more confidence and become more engaged.
At Transitional Care Services, these goals are achieved through communication, mutual understanding, and personalized therapy.
Cognitive stimulation is all about enhancing reasoning, comprehension, problem-solving, attention, perception, and learning.
Moreover, social interaction is pivotal during recovery, and we ensure ample opportunities for our patients.
It is because cognitive stimulation works in tandem with social interactions with friends and family.
Rehabilitation and Therapy
Our highly-trained and experienced staff builds rapport with patients to offer support and influence motivation through genuine one-on-one interactions.
Creating a therapeutic connection is an inherent part of rehabilitation and therapy post-stroke. It’s natural for patients to feel depressed following a stroke, so therapy is of utmost importance.
Apart from that, we offer music therapy backed by several studies as effective in facilitating cognitive functions. Music enhances verbal memory and attention.
That’s all about stroke prevention and management!
Contact Transitional Care Services if you are looking for post-stroke care management and rehabilitation for yourself or your loved one!